|Build Your Own
Stand-Alone Music Server
I possess a great wealth of fine music of various types — classical,
new age, vocals, jazz, movie soundtracks, and more. Over the decades,
my collection has been derived from various sources including
CDs, vinyl discs, radio tapings, online streaming, and home-recordings.
My collection of nearly 900 CDs was stored on three big jukebox units connected to a stereo system. This relatively convenient setup satisfied me for a while, until the sound quality began to deteriorate as the units aged. Something needed to be done, and the seeming solution was to modernize my system by digitizing the music and getting rid of all disc players, which technology is being deprecated in any case.
Research into existing music-server technology proved revealing, disappointing,
and a bit scary. Feeling that I was not the only person wanting a simple
solution to the storing and playing of music, I was surprised to learn that such
devices virtually do not
exist — at least, not within my price
range. I would happily have spent a thousand dollars on the right unit;
but that was not to be.
Many so-called music servers on the market feature the latest connectivity
features of networking, streaming, and internet radio; but most treat the actual
storage and management of music as a low priority, and some of the user interfaces
are comically poor. I didn't care about any exotic capabilities.
All I wanted was a
self-contained unit that simply plays
good-sounding music, accommodates my entire collection, is reliable,
and is easy to use.
There are high-end models that purportedly do work nicely; but the sky is the limit on their prices. The cheapest researched unit that would begin to do a credible job retails for $2,000; and one easily could spend ten times that much. Recently, a few vendors have begun offering less expensive units; but of those I investigated online, all are flawed in one or more ways. Here is a partial listing of documented problems and drawbacks:
I actually tried the vaunted Logitech Squeezebox Touch;
but it refused to accommodate my collection of more than 15,000 tracks.
brand-new device sits in its brand-new box, awaiting a trip
to the thrift store. (Would anyone like it for half-price?)
It seemed as if the most affordable option would be to build a server from a
computer. Many blogs on that topic (much of which is just
drivel) detail the pros and cons of various hardware and software options, and what
file types to use. There is a lot of scary commentary about what might work and
what might not, and what might sound good and what might not. Enough technical
jargon is bandied about to put off many would-be hobbyists; but now I am going
to tell you not to worry about any of it.
Opting for the easiest setup I could think of, I constructed my own music server, and it works beautifully!
– PARTS –
My new system required an outlay of only $500 (prices have dropped since then):
To that stuff was added an old mouse, a couple of cables, and a power strip. This is what the new system looks like all set up (including a cassette tape unit on the top shelf):
The external hard disk is behind the laptop
– THE COMPUTER –
This being a stand-alone server, its sole function is to store and play music files. Networking, the internal speaker, and all unneeded drivers are disabled. The sound to output is acquired from the USB grid.
The only connection to the outside world is by way of a USB stick, used
for adding new albums. The only program that must be run is the one
that actually plays the music; and it can be launched automatically.
Boot time on my new server is under thirty
seconds — a small
price to pay.
Processor speed is relatively unimportant; for it doesn't take much power at all to play a music file. Similarly, most any version of operating system probably would suffice; in fact, the older it is, the faster it would be likely to boot.
– THE DIGITAL AUDIO CONVERTER –
The function of a DAC is to convert a digital signal to a useful audio
format while improving the quality of the sound in the process. Because
sound-cards are highly inadequate to that purpose, a good
DAC is needed.
Every DAC model has different electronic circuitry that produces a unique
listening experience; the only way to know for sure what one might like best
would be to try them all, which is not likely to happen. Having selected
the Peachtree DAC-iT after extensive review of user ratings and
comments, I am quite pleased with the resultant sound quality, which now is far
better than it ever was with the old jukeboxes. Any concerns about the
technical efficiency of
USB-style DACs in general seem unfounded; in fact,
some feel that using USB avoids certain sound-corruption issues.
– FILE STORAGE –
The hard disks on older laptops rarely exceed 160gb in size, which is far
too little for a lot of music unless all of it is MP3 files; that is why I need
the external hard drive.
My 900 CDs, ripped as WAV files, consume
nearly 500gb of disk space; but plenty of room for expansion remains on
the 1-terrabyte drive. Should ever I need more space, I'll get more
– OUTPUT –
Two RCA cables connect the DAC to an auxiliary input of a stereo receiver.
A $50 amplifier might have worked just fine; but I'll use the one I have.
Perhaps I will try some of those gold-plated cables sometime; but I have
serious doubts as to whether their performance begins to justify their prices.
– SOFTWARE –
Naturally, any geek with a wire running from his navel to a PC doubtless will
want a program that does everything, supports remote access, and features playlists,
multiple skins, and a variety of screen options. Among the current freeware
favorites are foobar2000 and Media Monkey. Those
apps, however, are unnecessarily complicated and redundant for a
All that actually is needed on the screen is a way to select albums and tracks;
and it would be nice to display some album art as well. To that end, I liked
the popular Music Bee program; but I finally settled upon
Boom Audio, an unpretentious freeware application that is uncluttered
and proved the easiest of all to use. On the left side of the screen is a
listing of folders and tracks, selectable by either a mouse or keyboard; on the
right is a
500×500 graphic of album art.
Boom Audio plays every track in a folder in alphabetical sequence,
starting wherever the user chooses, then either stops as a CD player would or
optionally repeats the tracks. It also handles every type of file that I
have thrown at
it — WAV, FLAC, MP3, M4A, WMA, OGG. Those file
types can be mixed or matched at will within a folder. A graphic file named
cover.jpg, placed in a track folder, displays album art automatically.
Of course this software has limitations. There is no provision for creating playlists or placing music in a queue. I can handle that; for I have been doing so for my entire life. No remote options are supported; but I can live with that as well. I am not yet too old to get up and walk across the room to "change the record". Also, one must create any desired album art.
One feature that I do miss, and which is present in most other music apps, is a progress bar. Sometimes it can come in handy to be able to scroll around inside a track; but I have given up that toy in the interests of simplicity and efficiency.
– THE BOTTOM LINE –
The hardware selection is not limited to a Windows laptop, of course; a Mac could serve just as well. Alternatively, you could try using the old PC in your attic; but then you would need a monitor, a keyboard and/or mouse, extra shelf space, and you would have to deal with a possibly noisy fan as well.
Alternatively, one could use a
Mini-PC or even a newfangled
Computer-on-a-Stick, plus all the necessary peripherals; but the total cost
would be far greater than what I spent on a used laptop that does just as good a
job. On the other hand, the right computer at the core could enable a much
faster boot time.
In retrospect, I am pleased that the Squeezebox didn't work out.
My nifty homemade setup has opened up new dimensions in
capability. Now I can add, delete, and arrange tracks and folders at
will — even while music is playing, and no special software or disk
formats are required. I cannot adequately stress how wonderful those features
I find it difficult to imagine any other system being able to compete with this setup for overall functionality and ease of use. The combined hardware requires just two feet of shelf space, the sound quality is outstanding, and I made it myself!