Hungarian Notation, albeit largely misunderstood and frequently misapplied, was all
the rage for quite some time. It features a lowercase
prefix for a variable name (lpstHungarianVariable). LowerCamelCase
features capitalization of words inside the var name (thisIsLowerCamelCase),
and UpperCamelCase (aka PascalCase) capitalizes the first word as well
(ThisIsPascalCase). Other protocols have sprung up, including the
vomitous StudlyCase, which permits an indiscriminate mixture
I personally loathe the look and feel of Hungarian Notation. The very act of reading the code turns my brain a dull brown. Unfortunately, all of the helpful .INC files bundled with PowerBASIC are riddled with it; so when I must consult one of those references, I make sure to have my antacid tablets handy. Nowadays, hungArianNotation is officially discouraged for use in the .NET world. The important message here is that if any one method were clearly superior, there would not be such controversy.
Hungarian Notation and its derivatives admittedly can be useful in a production environment, where there must be a consensus understanding among the project programmers. Many coders, however, are of the opinion that if a variable name is sufficiently descriptive, then it doesn't need any help; I am in that camp. Since I don't work for The Man, the only programmer I need to please is myself. I trust that there are other PowerBASIC aficionados working solo as well, who don't need incessant reminders as to what a certain variable is doing. We created them, and we usually know why.
That having been said, sometimes months or even years do pass by without perusing a
certain piece of code, and one cannot be expected to remember everything; so some sort
of sensible naming protocols are in order. My preferences most closely resemble
PascalCase, but with variations. To me, beginning a variable name with a lowercase
letter is an unnatural act, analogous to going outside wearing a sport coat and tie,
pants — something just isn't right. On top of that, I'm not a
fan of underscores either; so I avoid them except for one specific purpose. In the
GW-BASIC days, periods could be used to delimit variable names; but now they can
be applied only in User Defined Types, which actually is a good recommendation for using
I would share some general guidelines that work for me; and perhaps a couple of
these ideas will interest you as well. It is a hybrid system that strives to make
variable names as
self-explanatory as can reasonably be accomplished without
making them too long or ugly. Some capitalization is employed
dynamically — that is, not according to a hard-and-fast rule, but
determined by the logic of the situation, and always with both the readability and
specific function of the code in mind. Sometimes a name will be prefixed with
identifying caps, sometimes there will be a suffix, and occasionally a middle-fix
is most useful. The included examples will explain.
For lack of a better name, I could call my system LogicalCase. If that seems pretentious, how about MeaningfulCaps? Or perhaps DynamicCase? I like that last one; it sounds better than Mullerian Notation.
FUNCTIONS and SUBS Setup() ValidateUser() GetMonthlyTotal()
Subroutines tend to be named with verbs; that way, they read like English in the
code without the use of the optional CALL keyword. I do
use CALL with Subs named as nouns, such as
ProgramSetup. Functions themselves tend to be called
"in-line", making them more or less
For multiple-word SUB names, middle-fixing can be the most useful option:
ReadONEname ReadALLnames GetBINfromDATA GetDATAfromBIN
By concentrating on the caps, one almost doesn't even need to read the rest.
STRING VARS A$ Event$ CurrentUser$ Month$()
Although such usage is optional, all string variables are suffixed with a dollar
($), making their type self-documenting. If there is no dollar
sign, then it is not a string variable. BASIC users are ahead of the game in this
LABELS Skip_Loop: Start_: Re_Do:
All labels, and only labels, contain an underscore character, making them
self-documenting as well.
FLAGS BadFileF ValidDateF MissingF ColorPrintingF
I use a lot of Boolean flags, mostly global, because they are so bloody useful.
Most are postfixed with an F, which is reserved for flags.
There are a few
Yes No True False ESC
COLORS FGDc BKGDc TEXTc LINEc
I have gotten into the habit of using all uppercase for these and certain other
variable classes. In these cases, the trailing
type-suffix stands out for
what it is as a lowercase letter. Reversing the cases also could work, if one
FgdC BkgdC TextC LineC
FONTS and POINT SIZES FTdata$ FTinfo$ PSevent$ PSdate$
These are prefixed with the obvious mnemonic. One might prefer to postfix these names; but I think they are more readable this way.
SCREEN COORDINATES BoxX BoxY BoxW BoxH
In the context of screen formatting, certain variable names always reference specific things:
X:column Y:row W:width H:height
Some other standard PREfixes
TM Timer function FN Function call, which could be a macro PTR Pointer
Some other standard PostFIXES
X Bit array of binary data CT Item or loop counter OPT Option of some kind L,R Left, Right
Some other standard Either-OR
TOT Totals ScoreTOT TOTstudies MAX,MIN Maximum or minimum value MINlevel DataMAXvalue
Using single-letter variables is perfectly okay; a good idea, however, is to tend to use them in a very limited number of contexts, so that they can be recognized as such.
SOME SHORT NAMES
A$,AA$ Workhorse characters, Text input C Color E Error processing F$,FF$ File I/O J,K,JJ,KK ForLoop counters L,R Left & Right M,M1,M2 Margin tabs N Number P Pointer, screen Position Q$ String manipulation R Random, Row T,TT,TOT Time, Total W,H,WW,HH Width & Height X,Y Printer/Screen coordinates, Formulas Z Formulas OP Option RW,CM Row & Column XX,YY Printer/Screen coordinates
I also never pass a single-letter variable as a parameter.
Make up your own rules!